The fight against climate change has been organised in such a way that it offers developing countries opportunities for economic and social development.
With their signature of the Kyoto Protocol, most industrialised countries have agreed to limit their CO2 emissions through a quota system.
If need be, however, they may make use of a mechanism that allows them to buy additional emission rights on international markets from developing or emerging economies, which have no limits on their emission levels.
If developing or emerging countries make the effort to invest in clean technologies, they have the right to sell the greenhouse gases not emitted to the industrialised nations, in the form of emission rights.
This is what is known as the “clean development mechanism”.
It presents a threefold interest to developing countries, enabling them to increase their energy production capacity, acquire clean technologies and earn substantial income.
All sorts of opportunities exist, from the recovery of methane in landfills to the creation of wind farms, the replacement of fossil fuel with biomass, the use of solar or hydraulic energy, and so on.
In Uganda, a project of this kind has been put in place in the Rwoho nature reserve in the southern part of the country.
Several thousand hectares of forest have been planted. During their growth, the trees will absorb large quantities of CO2.
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