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Totale: 25

The power to change

Today the European Union produces a sixth of its electricity using renewable energy sources like wind, solar and hydro power.But that proportion will have to more than double over the coming decade if the EU is to keep its promise of tackling climate change by ensuring that 20 percent of our energy comes from renewable sources by 2020.This film, shot in Germany, Denmark and Spain looks at a number of projects supported by the EU's Intelligent Energy Europe Programme, which are designed to help the Union meet this ambitious target.
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Active ageing

After the Second World War, Europe experienced an extraordinary baby boom that resulted in a substantial increase in the birth rate. The baby boomers are now reaching retirement age and European society is suddenly faced with the ageing of its population. People aged 65 and older will soon make up one third of the population. The European Commission therefore considers it essential to create the conditions enabling these baby boomers to stay in work longer and giving them the possibility to stay active members of society.
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Clean air for all

Cars have long served as the chief means of transport in cities. Their use has risen from one year to the next: for every 100 trips, 82 are made by car, 12 in public transport and 6 by bicycle. Over the longer term, this creates two major problems: ever longer (and more stressful) traffic jams and increasingly dense air pollution in cities. The latter aspect is particularly alarming because it has a direct harmful impact on people’s health.In societies undergoing steady demographic changes, traffic has risen significantly in cities. Urban areas are sources of growth that day in and day out draw large numbers of commuters. Citizens need vehicles to go to work or school or for other activities in town. Most of the time, motor vehicles are used to travel these distances, whether short or long. The majority of these vehicles use fossil fuel (oil), which is responsible for air pollution. Road transport is responsible for more than 40% of particle emissions (particularly CO2) into the atmosphere. Given the structure of a city (height of buildings, concentration of motor vehicles, etc.), transport represents the leading cause of pollution in the urban environment.More and more European cities are organising themselves to address this problem and to develop less polluting or pollution-free means of transport. Given the increase in the number of cars, and the traffic resulting from this, other means of mobility are presented as being faster, safer and, above all, less polluting.In January 2006 the European Commission adopted a Strategy on the Urban Environment. It aims to improve the quality of life by advocating an integrated approach to environmental management, with urban development and urban transport based on the principle of sustainability. The strategy addresses issues such as air pollution, traffic and greenhouse gas emissions. It also recommends better application of legislation, particularly on air quality.Following on from that strategy, the European directive on air quality management requires cities to monitor strictly a whole range of pollutants. Local authorities must also draw up action plans to improve air quality in urban centres.Every year, European Mobility Week emphasizes the diversity of means of transport that can be used in cities. This year’s theme is ‘Clean air for all’. It will encourage inhabitants to make use of less polluting means of transport such as trains, public transport and bicycles. The week-long awareness-raising event will above all stress the connection between air pollution and citizens’ health.Mobility Week, initiated by the European Commission in 2002 in the wake of the success of the ‘In town without my car’ days, takes place yearly from 16 to 22 September in some 2,000 cities in Europe and elsewhere. The initiative serves as a platform for municipalities and organisations as they try to raise public awareness of the environmental impacts of citizens’ modes of transport. The aim is twofold: to spotlight cities’ policies for sustainable mobility and to encourage the launch of new practices over the longer term.
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Air travel: new rights for people with reduced mobility

As the summer holidays approach a new European regulation will guarantee more rights for both the disabled and people with reduced mobility when they travel by air. Nearly one in five Europeans can require assistance for travelling or communicating.
From 26 July 2008, these people will have the right to assistance and certain services in all European Union airports, as well as on board aircraft operating throughout European territory.
Under the new regulation the following changes must be made:
- Refusing reservation or boarding on the grounds of a disability or a mobility problem is now prohibited (apart from certain exhaustively listed exceptions).
- Assistance in airports and on board aircraft must be provided at no extra cost.
- Transport of mobility equipment and guide dogs must be provided at no extra cost.
- People with reduced mobility must be given information on their rights.
- Measures ensuring the enforcement of these rights must be put into practice.
The European Commission aims to guarantee that both the disabled and people with reduced mobility have the same access to air travel as any other passenger, without discrimination or extra costs.
The video details these new rights by following disabled or mobility-reduced persons throughout the reservation, check-in and boarding procedure. Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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Europe's forgotten citizens - Defending Roma rights in the European Union

There are between ten and twelve million Roma living in the European Union today– roughly equal to the populationof a medium-sized EU Member State, like Belgium or Greece.
Yet despite the fact that the Roma have played an integral part in European history and culture for over seven centuries, most of us still know very little about them. And what we think we do know is more often than not based on ignorance, prejudice and stereotypes.
This has led to a situation where millions of Roma in the EU today face extreme levels of social deprivation. 
Unemployment in many Roma communities is rife. Basic education is often lacking and when it comes to health care, life expectancy is well below the EU average.
This film tries to look at the reasons why anti-Roma feeling has been so ingrained in so many European countries for so long and also looks at efforts being made to remedy the problem.
Interviews:Oláh Csaba, Roma Civil Rights activist
Lívia Járóka, Member of the European Parliament of Roma origin
Johnathan Borja Silva, Butcher
Juan Reyes, Fundación Secretariado Gitano
Vasile Tanase, Labourer
Miguel Santiago, Fundación Secretariado Gitano
Mária Varga, President Roma self Government, Pomáz
József Ignácz, Chief Editor Radio C
Marcos Santiago Cortés, Lawyer and Journalist
Enikö Horváth, Roma pupil Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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Horizon 2020, cleaning up the Mediterranean

The Mediterranean is Europe's biggest sea. There are 22 countries that border it, and millions of citizens from Europe, North Africa or the Middle East call it "our sea".  Their quality of life depends largely on the state of the Mediterraneanand its shores. But in certain areas, the sea is suffocating under industrial and domestic pollution, maritime traffic and galloping urbanization.
Therefore, countries bordering the Mediterranean set up partnerships in order to implement actions that would tackle the problem of pollution on Mediterranean shores.
The HORIZON 2020 initiative
Building on the work of the Barcelona Convention, at the summit to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the Euro-Mediterranean process in November 2005, the Euro-Mediterranean partners committed to:
"endorse a feasible timetable to de-pollute the Mediterranean Sea by 2020, while providing appropriate financial resources and technical support to implement it, using the Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development and exploring possible areas for co-operation in this regard with UNEP".
Following-up on this commitment, the European Commission launched the Horizon 2020 initiative that aims to tackle the top sources of Mediterranean pollution by the year 2020.
The recent EU Commission environment strategy for the Mediterranean  presents the scheme of Horizon 2020, grouping planned activities under four headings:
            •          Projects to reduce the most significant sources of pollution. The initial focus will be on industrial emissions, municipal waste and urban waste water, which are responsible for up to 80% of Mediterranean Sea pollution.
            •          Capacity-building measures to help neighbouring countries create national environmental administrations that are able to develop and police environmental laws.
            •          Using the Commission's research budget to develop greater knowledge of environmental issues relevant to the Mediterraneanand ensure this is shared. The experience built up from the LIFE programme and the Short and Medium Term Action Programme SMAP will be shared between the partners.
            •          Developing indicators to monitor the success of Horizon 2020.
In November 2006, a timetable of measures for the Horizon 2020 Initiative was launched. The timetable covers the first phase of H2020, up to 2013.
One of these measures called on the European Investment Bank and World Bank to work with donor countries to identifiy projects which have the largest impact on Mediterranean pollution levels, across the Mediterranean Region. Under this Mediterranean Hotspot Investment Program (MeHSIP) more than 40 priority projects have already been identified in seven countries. Three of them are featured in the video.
Interviews: Yassine Bouselmi, Director, ANGED 
Adel Ben Marzouk, Director, ANGED 
Abdelaziz Nacer, Water distribution authority
Claude Rouam, Head of Unit, Enlargement and Neighbourhood Policy European Commission   
Najeh Dali, Environment and Sustainable Development Minister, Tunisia Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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Health insurance card: access to health care across Europe

As a general rule, health insurance administrations are obliged to issue a European health insurance card at their members’ request. The card makes it easier to obtain medical care and guarantees that it will be provided in accordance with the legislation of the Member State being visited. For example, if you are in a Member Statewhere medical care is free, you too have the right to free medical treatment. So the message is crystal clear: do not travel to another Member State of the European Economic Area without your European health insurance card. Interviews: Dr Maria Dolores Martín Escalante,  Costa del Sol Hospital (in Spanish)
Chris Segaert, National Sickness Insurance Institute (INAMI), Belgium (in Dutch)
Jonathan Olsson, Swedish Social Insurance Agency, Sweden (in Swedish)
Jeremy Ritchie, an English patient (in English)
Frédéric Destrebecq, European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) (in French)
On-the-street interviews of tourists in Spain (in English and Italian)Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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Better tools for better Medicines. The Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI)

The European Commission and the pharmaceutical industry are entering into a pan-European strategic alliance to fund research in the health sector and accelerate the discovery and development of innovative medicines. This collaboration will bring together stakeholders on all levels to share knowledge and results. The benefits for patients will be significant, as it will further contribute to removing bottlenecks in the drug development process, thus providing patients with better medicines, faster. The boost in competitiveness could also be significant as resources for biopharmaceutical R&D conducted in Europe will be maximised.
A new video report from the European Commission’s Directorate General for Research explains the aim and focus of the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) through an animated explanation of the drug development process. This is supported by statements of the IMI Founding Members and stakeholders, such as representatives from academia, patient organisations and SMEs.
Global R&D expenditure in the biopharmaceutical sector has steadily increased over the past 10 years. However, this has not been accompanied by a corresponding rise in the output of new medicines. The high failing rate of medicine contributes significantly to this declining productivity. Moreover, such failures are costly and the price tag of developing new drugs can be as high as €700 million, including the cost of failures.
IMI is a public-private partnership between the European community, represented by the European Commission, and the pharmaceutical industry, represented by the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations (EFPIA).The European Commission and EFPIA will each contribute €1 billion, resulting in total funding of €2 billion, for this groundbreaking venture. Funding from the European Commission’s FP7 will be dedicated exclusively to public sector participants and SMEs, with the biopharmaceutical industry contributing €1 billion in R&D resources.On April 30th 2008the European Commission in Brussels will hold a technical briefing, where the scientific priorities of the Innovative Medicines Initiative (IMI) for 2008 will be presented for the first time. Interviews: Arthur Higgins,President EFPIA - European Pharmaceutical Industries Association CEO Bayer HealthCare
Pierre Rocmans,Kiki’s husband (Kiki is suffering from Alzheimer's disease)
Sabine Henry, Vice-chairperson of Alzheimer Europe
Jonathan Knowles, Chairman of the IMI Governing Board; Head of Group Research, Roche
Carlo Incerti, Member of the IMI Governing Board; Head of R&D Europe, Genzyme
André Michel, President of Aureus Pharma
Simon Lovestone, Director NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental Health – King’s College London
Octavi Quintana Trias, Former Director Health, DG Research, European Commission
Irene Norstedt, Head of Sector, Implementation IMI, DG Research, European Commission Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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Healthy Workplaces. Good for you. Good for business

Each year in the European Union, 167,000 deaths are attributable to work-related accidents or illnesses, and the number of occupational accidents which result in over three days off work is estimated at 7 million.
Small and medium businesses feature prominently here, as they alone represent 82% of the total number of occupational accidents and 90% of the total number of fatal accidents. The construction, farming, transportation and health industries are among the sectors most affected.
Apart from the sometimes tragic individual consequences, the loss of earnings to employees and employers is considerable. The loss of income linked to work absences in fact costs European workers around a billion euros a year. As for employers, they have to bear the costs associated with sickness benefit, the replacement of absent staff and a loss of productivity, a good part of which is not covered by insurance.
Work-related illnesses and accidents are thus a heavy burden for the entire European economy.
Improving workers’ health and safety is therefore a key element of the objectives in the area of growth and employment for the European Union. Improving health and safety at work is in effect supporting the growth and competitivity of each business, and therefore of the whole European Union.
This is just what the campaign by the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) is about, concerning risk assessment within every business. Indeed, assessment means raising awareness and bringing about accountability in employers in dealing with the possible dangers present in their businesses. While assessment is a simple approach that requires no special skills, what is at stake is considerable: it represents the first step in an occupational illness and accident prevention policy within each business. This campaign is an integral part of a much wider approach by the European Commission: a five-year strategy which is aiming for a 25% reduction in occupational accidents by 2012. Interviews: Doctor Pascal HUYGHE, occupational health doctor – MSA (farmers’ mutual insurance fund), Département du Nord, France
Géry DECOCK, farmer - Nomain - France
Viviane DECOCK, farmer’s wife - employee
Katharina VON SCHNURBEIN, spokesperson - Employment and Social Affairs – European Commission
Agnieszka MŁODZKA-STYBEL, engineer – Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy – Focal Point OSHA
Krzysztof KOWALIK, director, Prevention and Promotion Department- National Labour Inspectorate 
Felix WALTERS,director of a power station
Ulrich TIX, occupational safety inspector – BGFE (German professional association of precision mechanics and electro-technology) Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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112 - European Emergency number

Why 112?
As European citizens are increasingly travelling to other countries, for holidays, business or pleasure, there is a need for a single number, identical across the European Union (EU), to call in an emergency. Instead of having to remember several different numbers, citizens now need only one, wherever they go.
What happens when you call 112?
People calling 112 are connected to an operator. Depending on the national civil protection services, the operator will either deal with the request directly or transfer it to one of the emergency services(ambulance, fire brigade, police). In many cases, operators are able to answer in more than one language.
What can people expect from 112?
EU Member States must ensure that any user of a fixed or a mobile phone is able to call 112 on their territory. In addition, 112 calls must be appropriately answered and handled. In practice, this means that these calls should be treated in the same way as calls to other (national) emergency numbers. The quality of response to emergency calls should be the same, irrespective of whether a national number on 112 is used. Emergency services need to know where a person is calling from. This is particularly important for calls from mobile phones, as the caller, especially in an emergency, may not know exactly where he or she is.
All EU countries are required to inform citizens (nationals and visitors) of the existence of 112 and in which situation people should call. Interviews: Fabio Colasanti, European Commission Director General for Information Society and Media;
Patrick Dispa, 112 Centre Co-ordinator, The Netherlands
Olivier Paul-Morandini, European Emergency Number Association (www.eena.org)
Guy Bley, 112 Grand-Duché de Luxembourg (interview within the B-ROLL) Visit the site: www.mostra.com
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